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Unformatted text preview: by allosteric mechanisms, by feedback effects, and by the substrate concentration dependence of individual enzymes within the glycolysis and oxidative phosphorylation pathways. 5. What is the net production of ATP in glycolysis using glucose? 2 ATP 6. How are carbohydrate, fat, and protein broken down to produce energy? First, they are broken down into their building blocks. Protein is broken down into amino acids, starches are broken down into simple sugars, and fats (lipids) are broken down into fatty acids and glycerol. Then, they are converted to acetyl-CoA Finally, through the citric acid cycle and electron transport chain, ATP (energy) is produced....
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- Spring '08