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Intro to Visual Art - Lecture 1 Intro to Visual Culture I...

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1/15/08 Lecture 1 : Intro to Visual Culture I. Art —visual medium to express ideas about our human experience and the world around us A. Components: Function— 1. Form - its body, shape 2. Content —drawing on the vase 3. Context —why the piece was made B. Examples: Mona Lisa —form draws you into her face, using the design of shadows, her slant position, the landscape in the background 1. Nude Woman (Venus of Willendorf)— sculpture of a big woman with big boobs. Important because many cultures focused on fertility and woman as the source of life. Reflects on the culture depending on the location and archeological findings by the Stratigraphic and oral culture of the surrounding areas 1/17/08 Lecture 2 : Terminology and Methodology I. What is History? A. Written text, artwork, a record of past events, art objects and buildings are historical documents 1. own interpretation—slightly bias because you bring your own opinion and culture into your interpretation 2. Study for the future and an understanding of what happened 3. “Art appreciation does not require knowledge of the historical context of an artwork. Art history does.” II. What type of Material Remains? A. Landscape changes—Byzantine gardens, palace of Versailles B. Used materials—stones, sculptures, decorative window paints, basic ceramics they used daily, idols, performance objects used in religion, decorations, murals on wall, transportation, tombs, III. How old is the Object? A. Physical Evidence 1. material it was made of shows the time period made from its style or the time period it was first created or the technique used to make it
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2. Radio carbon, tree rings (only know how old the tree was)--detercology, the style language on the object (India) B. Documentary Evidence —some sculptures have writings on it detailing its history 1. other documents can mention the date a note receipt for art C. Visual Evidence —clothing style, event it portrays, hair style gives clues to the time period D. Stylistic Evidence —periods of style that relate to each other 1. Most unreliable chronological criterion because it’s a subjective assessment IV. Types of Styles?-- Can pinpoint the specific artist from its style A. Period Style —characteristic artistic manner of a specific time, usu. w/ a distinct culture, “Late Byzantine” 1. Many style overlap over one period of time B. Regional Style —variations in style tied to geography, its provenance (place of origin) can determine its character. Ex. Statues made in the same region but centuries apart still have similar characteristic C. Personal Style —distinguishes stylistic discrepancies among monuments of the same time and place. V. What is its Subject? A. The subject matter encompassing the story, narrative, the scene present B. Iconography —“writing of images” refers to the content and to the study of content in art, study symbols VI. Who Made it?
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