Relocation can greatly affect the aging population in a community, such as when an older
person who has lived in the same home for many years will require more time to adapt, even if
the move is perceived as an improvement to a better, safer, more comfortable home. These
communities’ older adults relocate, which can alter communities if they demonstrate active
aging, and revitalize once-dying communities, spend money for goods and services, create jobs
for other residents, implement neighborhood watch programs, and engage in working part-time.
Below will describe several of the housing options, and how elders affect them in communities.
There are several options available for frail elderly individuals needing long term care
(LTC), despite the popular belief that elders solely live in nursing homes. But, according to the
U.S. Census Bureau (2000), only 4.5 percent of the age 65 and over population occupied nursing
homes in 2000. The oldest-old are consistently being portrayed as the population nursing homes
are meant to serve, with 50 percent being over the age of 95. The population of nursing homes is
not entirely a disclosure, representing 72 percent women, 87 percent white, 66 percent widowed
or divorced (Hooyman and Kiyak, 2008). The underrepresentation of ethnic minority groups
largely appears to reflect cultural differences in the willingness to institute older persons,
availability of family supports, or discrimination implicit in admission policies. The admittance
to nursing homes varies greatly; largely in response to alternative LTC options, such as assisted
living facilities and adult family homes.
Community Residential Care options are defined as group housing with additional
services such as meals, basic health care, and some personal assistance. For example, assisted
living is a model of housing that is based on a social model of LTC, but is aimed at elders who