II Middle Ages ~ Renaissance-2

II Middle Ages ~ Renaissance-2 - Unit II The Middle Ages...

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Unit II The Middle Ages Time-Line o Middle Ages (450-1450) Rome sacked by Vandals—455 Beowolf —c. 700 First Crusade—1066 Black Death—1347-52 Joan of Arc executed by English—1431 o Renaissance (1450-1600) Guttenberg Bible – 1456 Columbus reaches America – 1492 Leonardo da Vinci: Mona Lisa - c. 1503 Michelangelo: David – 1504 Raphael: School of Athens – 1505 Martin Luther’s 05 Theses – 1517 Shakespeare: Romeo and Juliet - 1596 o The Middle Ages Period of wars and mass migration Strong class distinctions Nobility: castles, knights in armor, feasting Peasantry: lived in huts, serfs – part of land Clergy: ruled everyone, only monks literate o The Renaissance Rebirth of human learning and creativity Time of great explorers Humanism Fascination with ancient Greece and Rome Visual art becomes more realistic Mythology is favorite subject Nude body, as seen in ancient times, is shown Weakening of the Catholic Church Education and literacy now a status symbol Result of the invention of the printing press Chpt. 1: Music in the Middle Ages o Church dominates musical activity Most musicians were priests Women did not sing in mixed church settings o Music primarily vocal and sacred Instruments not used in church o Gregorian Chant
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Was official music of Roman Catholic Church No longer common since 2 nd Vatican Council Monophonic melody set to Latin text Flexible rhythm without meter and beat Named for Pope Gregory I (r. 590-604) Originally no music notation system Notation developed over several centuries (see p. 66) o The Church Modes “Otherworldly” sound – basis of Gregorian Chant Different ½ and whole steps than modern scales Middle Ages and Renaissance used these scales Some Western Music uses these scale patterns What do you do with a drunken sailor? o Dorian Mode When Johnny Comes Marching Home o Aeolian mode Listening Alleluia: Vidimus stellam (We Have Seen His Star) Listening Guide: p. 84 CD 1:48 Early Gregorian Chant (Latin language) Many notes per syllable of text Monophonic Ternary form: A B A
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II Middle Ages ~ Renaissance-2 - Unit II The Middle Ages...

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