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Unformatted text preview: Jean Piaget Vs. Lev Vygotsky—Theories in Cognitive Development Language is the most basic of human abilities. Our ability to speak is what separates us from other life forms, but do we ever think of how we learn to speak? Is it something encoded in our DNA or is it our environment that teaches us to speak? Two of the most significant theories discussing the aforementioned come from Jean Piaget and Lev Vygotsky. Jean Piaget was born on August 9, 1896, in Neuchâtel, Switzerland. At the age of ten, published his first paper about his sighting of an albino sparrow. He began publishing on mollusks during high school. During this time, he also got a part time job with the director of Nuechâtel’s Museum of Natural History. His work became well known among European students of mollusks. All of his early experience with science kept him away, he states, from “the demon of philosophy.” Piaget received his Doctorate in Science from the University of Neuchâtel in 1918. He worked for a year at psychology labs in Zurich and at Bleuler’s famous psychiatric clinic. In 1919, he taught psychology and philosophy at the Sorbonne in Paris. Here he met Simon, of Simon-Binet, and did research on intelligence testing. He did not care for the “right-or-wrong” style of the intelligent tests, and began interviewing his subjects at an all boys’s school. He used the psychiatric interviewing techniques he had learned the previous year. In 1921, his first article on the psychology of intelligence was published in the Journal de Psychologie. During the same year, he accepted a position at the Institute J.J. Roussea in Geneva where he began to research the reasoning of elementary school children. This research became the first of his five books on child psychology. In 1929, Piaget became the director of the International Bureau of Education, a post he would hold until 1967. He also began doing research with A. Szeminka, E. Meyer, and Bärbel Inhelder. In 1940, he became Chair of Experimental Psychology, Director of the psychology laboratory, and President of the Swiss Society of Psychology. During the Nazi occupation of France in 1942, he began a series of lectures, which became The Psychology of Intelligence, at the Collège de France. At the end of the war, he was named President of the the Collège de France....
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course EDU 102 taught by Professor Mitchell during the Fall '07 term at Volunteer State Community College.
- Fall '07