chinese notes 4-18

chinese notes 4-18 - 4/18/08 Hundred Flowers and Great Year...

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4/18/08 Hundred Flowers and Great Year Forward The cultural revolution would not have occurred without these events. In the 1950s the pop was about 583 million people. An election law was passed giving voting citizens to all over 18, except for landlords and counter-revolutionaries. The first elections were in 1954. villages and townships elected representatives to the congresses. Those congresses then elected delegates to the provincial congresses, and then to the national congress. The only place where citizens are actively electing representatives is on the local level. In 1954, the national peoples congress adopted a constitution. Democratic centralism, the 4 classes, 4 types of ownership. Govt structure in Chinese communism outline. A bill of rights was promulgated. Civil rights were suspended for traitors and counter-revolutionaries. Mao was chairman, with zhu de as vice chairman. Zhou enlai was the premier and foreign minister. National peoples congress was designated highest state body. National party congress designated as representative branch of CCP. Politburo and the central committee were established as executive branches of CCP. Primary concern in the 50s was economic. First 5 year plan - agricultural cooperatives - 694 industrial projects, 156 to be built with soviet aid. All the members of a collective would jointly own the land. Believed there would be better production from collective ownership. Called them agricultural cooperatives. This is between individual and full collectivism. By the end of 1956, 96% of the peasants were in these cooperatives. They also began industrial projects. This 1 st 5 year plan was a great success. Agricultural and industrial production doubled. Standard of living increased for everyone. During the 1 st 5 year plan, mao saw that intellectuals were essential to modernized china. He saw that they needed intellectual freedom in order to assert themselves. Those who came from a non-communist background were afraid to speak up about ideas. Mao felt they should be given some freedom to express themselves about science, writing, etc. but when they felt more free and did so, they were met with opposition. The ccp was very divided about how to deal with intellectuals. Some felt they could be trusted even if they criticized the party because they loved china so much. Mao
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course CHIN 112 taught by Professor Cartelli during the Spring '08 term at CUNY Hunter.

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chinese notes 4-18 - 4/18/08 Hundred Flowers and Great Year...

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