ESC ASSIGN 0217664594Student Name:Amar SinghStudent Number:17664594Module:ESC3701Assignment:02Question 01:Sociology of education as a discipline explains how the experience of individuals shape the waythat they interact with the school system (Davies & Guppy, 2010). It examines the ways in whichthe experiences of individuals, i.e., learners, are affected by their educational outcomes andachievements throughout their schooling career as well as the interactions created and enduredwith members of the schooling system, such as educators and their peers in classes (Davies &Guppy, 2010).Question 02:The two levels of foci in functionalism include social consensus\facts and valueorder\institutions. Social facts explains that members of society are expected to conform tonorms of the society that they live in, or the norms experienced by their culture (Functionalism:Society and culture… 2013). Some of these expectations include marriage and reproductionwithin certain age groups or following traditions passed down. Social consensus explains thestructures that make up society (Functionalism: Society and culture… 2013). On the other end ofthe scale, value order includes institutions such as schools, businesses, and political laws. Thesehave an effect on society and their ability to function. Institutions lead to members of societyhaving an interdependence on one another for society to progress which affects the socialconsensus and expectancies of each new generation (Functionalism: Society and culture…2013).Question 03:Talcott Parsons explains that society functions as an interwoven system that is dependent on fourbasic principles known as the ‘AGIL model’ (Talcott Parsons: Social… 2021). These fourprinciples are Adaptation, Goal Attainment, Integration and Latency.Adaptation is the society’sability to adapt to the external world by coping with external structural exigencies or factors thatcould affect society(Talcott Parsons: Social… 2021). An example would be an increase in fuelprices leading to members of society creating carpool clubs to adapt and cope. Goal attainmentincludes the goals that are defined or planned for members of society to achieve, and theresources required in order to achieve these goals. Integration explains that all components of the‘AGIL model’ are interdependent and interrelationships between all components must exist forsociety to successfully function (Talcott Parsons: Social… 2021). Latency is the ability of thesociety to motivate and renew the relationships of members of the society (Talcott Parsons:Social… 2021).
ESC ASSIGN 0217664594Question 04:According to Marxism, when domination is perpetuated in society, a barrier between dominantand disadvantaged groups are created. A hierarchy of power is created leading to dominant rolesholding the most power of members in the lower levels of the hierarchy (Thompson, 2011). Inthe same manner, a family with a dominant role within it, holds the majority of authority andpower and is usually the leading ‘bread winner’ of the family.This could be either or bothparents or parent figures of the family or another member of the family who is perceived to bethe dominant role in the success of the family. Just like how capitalist businesses explained bythe conflict theory, where the owner(s) hold the most power and ownership of the resources andequipment, the dominant role of the