Dualism Paper

Dualism Paper - Abigail Gonzalez Prof. Altman Philosophy...

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Abigail Gonzalez Prof. Altman Philosophy 12/11/07 Dualism Dualism is a set of views about the relationship between mind and matter. This idea begins with the claim that mental phenomena are, in some respects, non-physical . It is the concept that our mind is more than just our brain. This concept entails that our mind has a non-material, spiritual dimension that includes consciousness and possibly an eternal attribute. One way to understand this concept is to consider our self as a container including our physical body and physical brain along with a separate non-physical mind, spirit, or soul. The mind, spirit, or soul is considered the conscious part that manifests itself through the brain. One can compare this in the same way that picture waves and sound waves manifest themselves through a television set. The picture and sound waves are also non-material just like the mind, spirit, or soul. Two philosophers that had different views on the idea of dualism were Rene Descartes and Gilbert Ryle. A well known version of dualism is attributed to Rene Descartes which holds that the mind is a nonphysical substance. He was the first to formulate the mind-body problem in the form in which it exists today. Descartes believed in the Cartesian philosophy which is usually described as dualistic, which he divides into two mutually exclusive realms, spirit and matter. The physical is comprised of geometrically measurable relationships, whereas the soul is comprised of thought, will, emotion, and sensation. However, there is an additional substance. This addition is God, who creates and sustains the realms of spirits and matter. One can say that in reality the Cartesian
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metaphysics is triadic, consisting of mind, matter and God. He believes that all
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course PHL 101 taught by Professor Altman during the Spring '08 term at Iona.

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Dualism Paper - Abigail Gonzalez Prof. Altman Philosophy...

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