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d soc 275 - Robert Chudy Comprehensive Immigration Reform...

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Robert Chudy Comprehensive Immigration Reform act of 2007 pros and cons 4-21-08 Between 2006 and 2007, immigration legislation was debated in congress that had the potential to drastically alter immigration as we know it in the United States. Politicians sought to fix the many problems associated with immigration in this country, both legal and illegal. The main bill on the table was the Secure Borders, Economic Opportunity and Immigration Reform Act of 2007. Debates on the topic were heated and the bill took criticism from both political sides. With such a major issue, it is difficult to say that one side is right and the other side is wrong. To fully understand why the bill was shot down and what the solutions could be, one must understand the bill itself and what the repercussions are for the United States. The Comprehensive Immigration Reform act of 2007 was primarily made up of 3 bills that had failed before it. Those bills were the Secure America and Orderly Immigration act (also known as the McCain-Kennedy bill), the Comprehensive Enforcement and Immigration reform act of 2005, and the Comprehensive Immigration reform act of 2006. Once the three bills were transformed into one, the issue again was brought to debate. The bill would have had the greatest impact on the 12 million illegal immigrants currently residing in the United States. It would have provided them legal status as well a path for them to gain citizenship through the introduction of the new “Z” visa. “Y” visas would be given to guest workers as part of a new program. It would change legal entry to a skill based point system rather than the current family oriented methods.
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The bill also would add 370 miles of fences, 105 watch towers and increase the border patrols by 20,000 people. After this bill was voted against, it was debated again because President Bush threw his support behind it. Again it was shot down with a final vote tally of 46 in favor of it and 53 against it. To understand why it failed, one must look at the issues that were debated. The Comprehensive Immigration Reform act of 2007 did have many reasons why it should have passed. One of the main arguments in favor of the bill is that if passed, it will create two new visas for immigration, both of which would be beneficial for this country. The first of the two visas that would be given out is the “Z” visa. The Z visa would be offered to all of the illegal immigrants currently living in the United States. Granting amnesty to more than 12 million people is considered the moral thing to do by both religious and non religious people. Under this option, the illegal aliens would get to live in America for the remainder of their lives and even get to acquire social security numbers. After 8 years of good behavior, candidates with Z visas would be eligible to apply for their green cards. Each applicant would then have to pay a 2000 dollar fee as well as back taxes for estimated hours worked. Z visas would be a good thing for the United States because
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  • Spring '08
  • GURAK,D.
  • Immigration to the United States, comprehensive immigration reform, Immigration Reform Act, Comprehensive Immigration Reform Act of 2007

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