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Gov 4, 3pageessay

Gov 4, 3pageessay - 92908A Gov 4 3 Page-Essay When trying...

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92908A Gov 4, 3 Page-Essay When trying to explain changes that occur in different countries, Political Scientists employ variables that can be grouped into one of three categories. The independent variables that account for a specific change will fall into the structural, institutional/choice, or political culture groupings. In the case of Mexico’s democratic transition, one can find evidence to support each of these kinds of arguments; however, only one set of variables best explains the transition. Mexico’s transition to democracy is best explained by institutional/choice variables because the PRI set the rules of the game in Mexico prior to the democratic transition, the PRI’s failed to deal with large problems affecting the Mexican population, and ultimately the party’s efforts to reform allowed for the democratic transition to take place. Because the rules of the game largely effect outcomes, and because individual human actions or decisions matter, the institutional/choice variables involving the PRI, must not be omitted from a discussion about the democratic transition in Mexico. The Partido Revolucinoario Institucional (PRI) was founded in 1929 as the party that would end Mexico’s violent struggle for political power. This party was renamed from the National Revolution Party which came to power in 1917 as a result of the Mexican Revolution. The PRI was accepted by the citizens as being the legitimate party of the state because it’s “goal was to encompass all those who supported the Revolution, and its members thus ranged from socialists to liberals.” (Introduction, pg. 5) The party’s colors were red, white, and green, representing the colors of the Mexican flag and furthermore representing the interests of the state. With such a wide base of popular support, the PRI was easily able to establish the “rules of the Game” for the government and state. It is hard to make an argument for the cause of Mexico’s democratic transition without accounting for the underlying institutions that were shaping the country before the transition. The presidency, elections, and policies of corporatism and clientelism are four such institutions. Because Mexican presidents were chosen by The Dedazo, or policy of tapping, the PRI was allowed to maintain control over the party and state through non-competitive elections. Furthermore, the PRI operated 1
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