Hist 46 Paper 2 Outline

Hist 46 Paper 2 Outline - Question: "Deluded...

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Question: “Deluded mystic” or “shrewd entrepreneur” – which label, if any, better fits Columbus? Outline I. Introduction a. Thesis - Wasn’t deluded. Objective was to find a Western passage to Asia, and he did believe that he had found it. Sense of discovery, economic interests – it was his trade. Called people he found Indians. - Idea of sailing westward not an original idea - Role that religion played in his life and the way it shaped him. - Would think that its his role to Christianize the “new world” that he discovered, not as some vision, but because of the nature of his religion which is about preaching and spreading the gospel. - Went to Spain because of wind patterns of Canary Islands, had been rejected by King of Portugal - Charted the seas well - Physical and mental health suffered by fourth voyage - Good entrepreneur, because good idea, but couldn’t administer what he found - Ambition - Was not the first European in America – Vikings - Claims about why he had two logs: to deceive his crew or because he used two different methods for calculating distance. - Columbus was actually a shrewd entrepreneur who actually did not succeed in his goal, which was to find a western passage to Asia from Spain. - Columbus’s third voyage in which he reached South America not a coincidence or for mystical reasons. - Wouldn’t want to discover new lands because of the cost; would not please the crown. Also, if unknown, wouldn’t be “Admiral of the Ocean Sea.” - He wasn’t deluded, things were just unknown - Importance of obtaining royal consent - Meaning of name – Christopher, Latin – Christ ferens – Christ bearer; brought Christianity to the new world - Of course he hit land, lot of land that way. Why didn’t anyone sail west before? II. Supporting Evidence a. Northern explorers and America - When traveling north, possibly in Iceland, England, and Ireland – “At Galway he was told the story of ‘tow people clinging to two planks from a shipwreck, a man and a beautiful woman,’ who had one day appeared on Irish shores. It was said that they came from Cathay, the Orient. But Columbus’s conversations with Irish sailors were always in Latin and hence must have given rise to many inaccuracies and misunderstandings.” (Granzotto, 37) So it would have been even more difficult for Columbus to have even heard of America from these people up north. 1
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- Unlikely that Columbus had ever heard of Americas, even when voyaged to Iceland early in his career. There is no evidence of this idea in his notebooks, which are assuredly not forged to hide his surprise, as some theorists suggest. “Information about Vinland would certainly have been welcome by Columbus, but any such would assuredly have been inserted by Ferdinand in his tenth chapter, where all the mythical and ‘reported’ islands are mentioned in his father’s notes are thrown together. Since Vinland is not there, we may be sure that Columbus never heard of it.” (Morison, 26)
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Hist 46 Paper 2 Outline - Question: "Deluded...

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