MIDTERM PETA RESEARCH 5A Research References/Links Presented toSir Virgel Diamante of Eulogio AmangRodriguez Institute ofScience andTechnology Sampaloc, ManilaArt AppreciationAlvaro, Arabelle D.Baluarte, Ma FeBuendia, Ken Ej A.Cachola, Paula Mikaela C.Cahulogan, Jhen Mark A.Defeo, Cherry Mae B.Delos Reyes, Jayson Matthew B.Garung, Ricardo C.Macatlang, Alexa Mae A.Policarpio, Fe VillaminPadolina, Jan Patrick B.Panilan, Lawrence M.Santos, Althea Marie M.Tejada, Kenjin A.Wong, Ahyz Argielyn P.November 2021
iiTABLE OF CONTENTSTITLE PAGEiTABLE OF CONTENTSiiDEFINITION OF TERMSiiiCONTAINSI.First Empires1II.Ancient World8III.Middle Ages18IV.The Spread of Islam29V.Early Modern History33VI.Eastern Europe38VII.Modern History47VIII.The World Wars and the Interwar Period60IX.Contemporary World78ACKNOWLEDGEMENT OF THE REFERENCES97
iiiDefinition of TermsAncient -Having lived or existed for a very long time.Benelux States- Consisting of Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg. These are together known asthe Benelux countries, from the initial letters of their names.Civilization -A complex human society, usually made up of different cities, with certain characteristicsof cultural and technological development.Contemporary World- The circumstances and ideas of the present age.Empire- A major political unit having a territory of great extent or a number of territories or peoplesunder a single sovereign authority.Emancipation- To free from restraint, control, or the power of another.Interwar- Occurring during a period of peace between two wars, especially between World War I andWorld War II.Industrial Revolution- A rapid major change in an economy (as in England in the late 18th century)marked by the general introduction of power-driven machinery or by an important change in theprevailing types and methods of use of such machines.Ideology- A set of opinions or beliefs of a group or an individual. Very often ideology refers to a set ofpolitical beliefs or a set of ideas that characterize a particular culture.Mass Migration- Refers to the migration of large groups of people from one geographical area toanother.Totalitarianism- A system of government that is centralized and dictatorial and requires completesubservience to the state.Unification- The act, process, or result of bringing or coming together into or as if into a single unit orgroup unification of a divided nation.
1First EmpiresThe Development of HumankindHuman evolution | History, stages, timeline, tree, chart, & facts. (n.d.). EncyclopediaBritannica.Tractatus politico-philosophicus. (n.d.). GoogleBooks.ment+of+Humankind&ots=gKhRxojNsi&sig=rKiXOQCfmj0FGtUpAD43MUo8Axg&redir_esc=y#v=onepage&q=The%20Development%20of%20Humankind&f=falseIntroduction to human evolution. (2020, October 27). The Smithsonian Institution's Human OriginsProgram.Evolution: Humans: Origins of humankind. (n.d.). PBS: Public BroadcastingService.