Chapter 21 history

Chapter 21 history - Chapter 21: The Revolution in...

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Chapter 21: The Revolution in Politics, 1775-1815  The French and American revolutions were two of the most important political events of all times. They were  also a  dramatic conclusion to the Enlightenment, and both revolutions taken together form a major turning point  in human history. This chapter explains what these great revolutions were all about. The chapter begins by describing  classical liberalism, the fundamental political ideology of the revolution.  Liberalism, which had deep roots, called for  freedom and equality at a time when monarchs and aristocrats  took their great privileges for granted. For the Liberals, freedom meant  freedom of expression and freedom to  pursue wealth, while equality meant equality of opportunity not equality of outcome. The immediate cause of  the American Revolution, the British effort to solve the problem of war debts, was turned into a political struggle  by the American colonists who already had achieved considerable economic and personal freedom. European  powers such as France, Spain, and Russia aided the Colonies in a number of ways. The American Revolution  and the formation of an enlightened post-Revolutionary government in America stimulated reform efforts  throughout Europe. It was 
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This note was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course HIST 102-01 taught by Professor Defonso during the Winter '07 term at N. Michigan.

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Chapter 21 history - Chapter 21: The Revolution in...

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