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Term Paper Architecture

Term Paper Architecture - Architecture AR 2113 Due December...

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Architecture: AR 2113 Due: December 11 th , 2006 TERM PAPER American Architectural History Through Local Examples: Institutional There are various genres of American architecture, including the  institutional building, whether it be a governmental, college, or administration  building.  There are various buildings that are institutional located in Worcester,  including the Mechanics Hall on Main Street, Worcester Memorial Auditorium on  Lincoln Square, and Fuller Laboratories at WPI.  Mechanics Hall, located in downtown Worcester, is one of the city’s older  institutional buildings, and was built from 1855 to 1857. It is often thought of by  “architectural historians as the nation's finest pre-Civil War concert hall.,” 1  and is  known to have excellent acoustics. The Worcester Mechanics Association, founded  in February of 1842, an organization that aimed to educate the city of Worcester’s  nineteenth-century industrial workers with classes in the mechanical arts, teamed  up with famous Worcester architect Elbridge Boyden to design and construct  Mechanics Hall. 2  It was built in the middle of the reform of the industrial arts,  which had been initiated in England and France in the early-nineteenth century 3 and this was a building that promoted both musical and mechanical art.  Mechanics Hall incorporates elements of classical architecture, for example, with  its Roman Corinthian-style columns on the third story. Unlike classical  1 http://www.mechanicshall.org 2  Elliot B. Knowlton and Sandra Gibson-Quigley,  Worcester’s Best: A Guide to the City’s Architectural  Heritage   (Worcester, Massachusetts: Preservation Worcester, 1996), p. 33. 3  Alan Coloquhoun,  Modern Architecture  (New York: Oxford University Press, 2002), p. 14-16.
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architecture, however, the columns don’t serve a structural purpose and are for  decorative purposes. The hall is, more so, a reflection of Italian Renaissance  architecture, because while “it employed…elements of Roman architecture, it  developed them in its own fashion, adapting them freely to immediate needs, and  retained its power of growth.”  4   For example, the building’s fa ç ade is very  symmetrical, with a rectangular front and an isosceles triangular pediment on top,  and is “built of cast-iron, mastic covered brick and galvanized iron.”  Also, the 
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