Essay 4 - 22 Introduction The exposure to violent...

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22 Introduction The exposure to violent television has sparked an inherent rise in the homicide rate. This statement is a hypothesis that has been investigated since 1952, when less than one fourth of all households in the United States owned a television set. Centerwall’s article Exposure to television as a risk factor for violence (1992) examined homicide rates in three countries. Centerwall used the white homicide rate in the United States, and South Africa. However, he used the entire homicide rate for Canada. In 1951 the homicide rate in Canada was 97% white. These three countries, the United States, Canada and South Africa, are similar in that they all were established as frontier colonies, initially settled by whites from Western Europe. In the U.S. and Canada, Centerwall noticed a ten to fifteen year lag between the introduction of television and the subsequent doubling of the homicide rate. Children, who have been exposed to violent television, therefore impacting their behavior, are made susceptible to committing homicides when they are adults. The initial “television generation” would have had to age ten to fifteen years before they would be old enough to affect the homicide rate. Theory The theory Centerwall uses is that children who are exposed to violence on television for prolonged periods of time, eventually become violent and aggressive. Therefore, children who watch violent television programs, for extended periods of time, cause future homicide rates to increase, because of their own violent acts. Centerwall mentions that there is a ten to fifteen year gap from the introduction of the television to the doubling of the homicide rate for white males. Therefore, as a child becomes an adult 1
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22 their television experiences they had when they were young, impact their behaviors when they get older. Independent Variable The independent variable that Centerwall presented is a child’s long term exposure to violence on television. Measure of the Independent Variable Centerwall researched the impact of the introduction of television on three countries: the United States, Canada and South Africa. He used data from the Television Bureau of Advertising, to determine the rate of television ownership in Canada and the
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This essay was uploaded on 04/22/2008 for the course RCRJ 496Z taught by Professor Loftin during the Spring '08 term at SUNY Albany.

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Essay 4 - 22 Introduction The exposure to violent...

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