midterm paper

midterm paper - Alison Smith February 29, 2008 Philosophy...

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1Alison Smith February 29, 2008 Philosophy and the Rise of Modern Science Tuesday/Thursday 11-12:15 AM The structure of Aristotle’s cosmos was built on the foundation of a belief that Earth was stationary since people did not sense movement when they were at rest. Therefore, since movement was observed in the heavens, the Earth had to be the stationary center of the cosmos. The Earth was within a Terrestrial or sublunary sphere that contained four elements. The outer most element was Fire, which as hot and dry, was the lightest element. Next was Air, which was hot and moist. Then Water, considered cold and moist, and finally the cold and dry Earth. When these elements were on earth, they would move toward their natural position, fire and air moving up, and water and earth moving down. The other planets, in the Celestial realm, were also inclosed in their own individual spheres that circled the terrestrial sphere and were made of aether. The Planets moved in these spheres and since these spheres were all connected, the movement of one sphere would affect the
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midterm paper - Alison Smith February 29, 2008 Philosophy...

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