Chapter 17 Objectives

Chapter 17 Objectives - Chapter 17 From Gene to Protein...

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Chapter 17 From Gene to Protein Teaching Objectives The Connection Between Genes and Proteins 1. Explain why dwarf peas have shorter stems than tall varieties. 2. Explain the reasoning that led Archibald Garrod to first suggest that genes dictate phenotypes through enzymes. 3. Describe Beadle and Tatum’s experiments with Neurospora and explain the contribution they made to our understanding of how genes control metabolism. 4. Distinguish between the “one gene–one enzyme” hypothesis and the “one gene–one polypeptide” hypothesis and explain why the original hypothesis was changed. 5. Explain how RNA differs from DNA. 6. Briefly explain how information flows from gene to protein. 7. Distinguish between transcription and translation. 8. Compare where transcription and translation occur in prokaryotes and in eukaryotes. 9. Define codon and explain the relationship between the linear sequence of codons on mRNA and the linear sequence of amino acids in a polypeptide. 10. Explain the early techniques used to identify what amino
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Chapter 17 Objectives - Chapter 17 From Gene to Protein...

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