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Chapter 4 Notes - same covalent arrangement – Different...

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Chapter 4: Carbon and the Molecular Diversity of Life Organic compound-compound containing carbon Contain hydrogen and carbon Small to large Inorganic compound-compound not containing carbon Organic Chemistry-study of carbon compounds Carbon Found Everywhere Other Structures Other structures Other structures Carbon Electron Configuration Some carbon molecules Figure 4.2x Shapes of Molecules Double bond Carbon Chains form Carbon Skeletons Figure 4.4 Variations in carbon skeletons Other molecules with Carbon Chains Energy from Hydrocarbons Hydrocarbons-many single bonds Breakage of bond=>release large amts. of energy Isomers Molecules with same number of atoms (of same elements) but different structures=>different properties Types of Isomers Structural differ in how atoms are covalently arranged Geometric same covalent arrangement
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Unformatted text preview: same covalent arrangement – Different spatial arrangement • Enantiomers – Molecules are mirror images of each other Figure 4.7 Three types of isomers Geometric Isomer vs. Structural Isomer Enantiomers • Dopamine – L-dopa-effective against Parkinson’s disease – D-dopa-not effective against Parkinson’s disease • Thalidomide – Used to treat morning sickness of pregnant women • One version blatantly caused birth defects • Other version harmless in “purified” form – Turns harmful once digested and absorbed Functional Groups Section of molecule involved in chemical reaction Table 4.1 Functional Groups of Organic Compounds Figure 4.9 A comparison of functional groups of female (estradiol) and male (testosterone) sex hormones ATP (Adenosine Triphosphate)...
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