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Unformatted text preview: 12. Describe the observations and inferences that led Charles Darwin to his theory of evolution by natural selection. 13. Explain why diagrams of evolutionary relationships have a treelike form. The Process of Science 14. Distinguish between discovery science and hypothesis-based science. Explain why both types of exploration contribute to our understanding of nature. 15. Distinguish between quantitative and qualitative data. 16. Distinguish between inductive and deductive reasoning. 17. Explain why hypotheses must be testable and falsifiable but are not provable. 18. Describe what is meant by a controlled experiment. 19. Distinguish between the everyday meaning of the term theory and its meaning to scientists. 20. Explain how science is influenced by social and cultural factors. 21. Distinguish between science and technology. Explain how science and technology are interdependent....
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