ID Study Guide

ID Study Guide - ID Study Guide For Final Exam Manifest...

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ID Study Guide For Final Exam Manifest Destiny Coined by John O’Sullivan, the phrase “Manifest Destiny” was applied to the sense of mission Americans applied to westward expansion. Though Ben Franklin was the first to call for westward expansion in the 1750s , it took on a new life in the 1840s and 50s. Americans believed it was their God-given right to expand their democratic values and virtues across the North American Continent. This fervent belief in the superiority of American institutions dated back to John Winthrop’s idea of the City on the Hill. Finally, Americans believed that creating a vast empire of liberty through westward expansion would alleviate the stresses America’s increasing population by opening up more land. SIGNIFICANCE : Between 1841 and 1867, thousands of Americans left the east for the west. Furthermore, Manifest Destiny served as the justification for annexing Texas, going to War with Mexico, wrangling with Britain over the annexation of the Oregon territory, taking land from Native Americans, expanding into the Pacific and Alaska and has even had a profound influence on President Bush’s doctrine of spreading democracy to foreign countries. Seneca Falls Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton had attended the World Anti-Slavery Convention in London in 1840, but the male delegates refused to let women participate. The women were forced to sit in the balcony separated from the action by a curtain. This experience, convinced Mott and Stanton of the necessity of forming “a society to advocate the rights of women.” Furthermore, women increasingly felt that the language of universal rights and freedoms espoused by the abolition movement should be applied to their own lives. On July19 th and 20 th 1848, in Seneca Falls, New York, a meeting was called to discuss women’s rights. Some 300 people attended, including about 40 men (one of which was Frederick Douglas). Indicative of the nascent state of the movement a man, Lucretia Mott’s husband, was selected to moderate the proceedings. Mott and Stanton drew up the “Declaration of Sentiments,” a document that was based on the Declaration of Independence. It outlined women’s grievances and called for equal opportunities in education and work, equality before the law, the right to appear on public platforms, and women’s right to the elective franchise. SIGNFICANCE:
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ID Study Guide - ID Study Guide For Final Exam Manifest...

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