LPB313-12 - LP BIB 313-12 Wisd and Poetry of the OT 1.1...

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LP. BIB 313-12 Wisd. and Poetry of the OT. 1.1 Fall 07. 8:00 am. M-304 Objective: To introduce the course and to lead to greater appreciation of these books in the OT. Introduction: Let’s go over the books of the OT, according to the ancient Hebrew designation. Our purpose will be to appreciate the place and value of the books of Wisdom and Poetry in the OT. An easy way to remember the OT books as a Hebrew thought of them is to remember the acronym Tanach . Tanach comes from the first letters of three Hebrew words: Torah = Law or Instruction: Gen. – Deut. Nebiim = Prophets. Former: Josh. – 2 Kings; Latter: Isa. – Mal. Chethubim = Writings (the rest of the OT). The Torah is the foundation for life; it tells of God’s creation of the world and the nations, including the covenant nation of Israel. The Prophets record the ministries and messages God’s spokesmen, who helped the people see themselves as God saw them throughout the often difficult and exciting years of Israel’s life as a nation. Then, there are the Writings. What are these books about? If we have heard from God in the Torah and the Prophets, do we need anything else? ---- What about what the people have been saying to God? An illustration that may help us to appreciate this division of the OT is to compare the OT to a cathedral. i. The Torah is the foundation of the house (strength and direction). ii. The Prophets are the walls, doors and windows (light and access). iii. The Writings represent the spired roof that reaches upward to God and announces to the world that God lives. Facts about the Writings: 1. These books are of a miscellaneous nature—more diversity among them. 2. But if there is anything that holds them together it is that they all illustrate in one way or another how God’s people have responded to God in the varied and difficult circumstances of life during the period of OT history. 3. These books originated as the stories of struggle, faith and courage, prayers and songs, discussions and debates of the people. But they are now in our Bibles as God’s word. 4. Detail: Let’s take a closer look at the books we will survey in this course. Books of Wisdom: - Proverbs : A collection of proverbs attributed to king Solomon. Their purpose is to instruct the young in the pursuit of wisdom, defined as a life consistent with the fear of the Lord. - Job : The story of an ancient righteous man who suffered in spite of his righteousness. Its purpose is to take up the hard question of why such things happen in God’s world. - Ecclesiastes (or Qoheleth ): The reflections on life experience of an elderly man, a king of Israel (Solomon?). He wants to tell us what he has learned about “life under the sun.” His conclusion is that all of his pursuits have led only to emptiness. In the end we must learn to “fear the Lord and keep His commands” with the time we have in this life.
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