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Week 1 Notes - Week 1 Notes Jan 8 2008 Music Fundamentals...

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Week 1 Notes Jan 8, 2008 Music Fundamentals Music: -the science or art of ordering tones or sounds in succession, in combination, and in temporal relationships to produce a composition having unity and continuity -vocal, instrumental, or mechanical sounds having rhythm, melody, and/or harmony -humanly organized sound Rhythm: The patterned alternation of sound and silence, often repetitive, relative to the tempo. Tempo: The speed of music, the pulse, the beat (affects how music sounds and feels, the same piece of music will sound different if played slower or faster) Syncopation: The stressing of a normally unstressed part of the beat, emphasis on a weak partial Polyrhythm: simultaneous playing of contrasting and cyclical rhythms which, in combination, create a consistent rhythmic texture or groove Instrumentation: The combination of musical instruments in a given ensemble. Melody: a succession of single tones organized as an aesthetic whole, i.e. "the tune," the part that you hum. Harmony: The simultaneous combination of notes, usually "behind" the melody as support giving texture and/or mood. Pitch: the sound of a particular note, used to discern high and low for our purposes, pitches arranged in consecutive order are called scales Timbre: tone color, for example, the reason the same note sounds differently when
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