Week 5 Notes - Week 5 Notes Feb. 4 Guest Lecture - R&B Feb....

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Week 5 Notes Feb. 4 Feb. 5-6 Rock and Roll -Culmination of marginal styles making their way to the mainstream -R & B and Country -R & R was not new -Introduced as a commercial marketing term (Disc Jockey Alan Freed) -Promoted African American musicians during a time of resistance to racial integration -Prosecuted for “Payola” scandal, though DJs that only promoted white artists were not -Term was originally a reference to sex, but eventually came to denote a musical style. -Baby Boom generation after WWII was target audience -Much younger than previous audiences -Economic stability and prosperity culminated in unprecedented purchasing power (allowances spent on leisure and entertainment) -First generation to grow up with television (instantaneous nationwide distribution) -Purchase of rock records by kids in the 1950s was relatively safe and affordable way for kids to assert generational identity (by way of rebellion against adult standards and restrictions of musical style and taste)- -Rock began catering to teenage tastes by addressing teenage issues (school and vacation, fashions, social dancing, and courtship) -1950s essentially invented the teenager as a commercial and cultural entity (rock, television, and movies played essential roles) -Important distinction: Rock ‘n’ roll offered a bridge connecting supposedly separate audiences -If you were a kid in 1950s America, rock and roll was you music -The Cover Version -Generically = recording a song that had previously been recorded/released by another artist -Musical borrowing wasn’t invented in the 50s -Takes on a new significance when the element of financial profit is introduced and when issues of social inequality are involved -Most notorious examples = white performers covering black tunes 1. “Sh-Boom” – The Chords and Crew Cuts 2. “Mystery Train” – Herman “Little Junior” Parker and Elvis Presley 3. “Hound Dog” – Big Mama Thornton and Elvis Presley -The Rock ‘n’ Roll business -Record sales rose from $191 million in 1951 to $514 million in 1959 -Prices/availability/quality of record players and radios after WWII -Reemergence of independent record labels (had been decimated 20 years earlier by Great Depression) -Big labels started catching on
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This note was uploaded on 04/23/2008 for the course MUSIC 162 taught by Professor Unknown during the Winter '05 term at University of Washington.

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Week 5 Notes - Week 5 Notes Feb. 4 Guest Lecture - R&B Feb....

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