American History 2057 notes

American History 2057 notes - American History 2057 I...

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American History 2057 I. Reconstruction A. How do you reintegrate the former confederate states back into the union? 1. The former confederate states accepted the union and its government. They considered themselves to be Americans first. B. What place would the freed slaves have? 1. Emancipation became a goal of the war for the U.S. government during the war. 2. The U.S. government adopted the policy of emancipation gradually and acted mainly in response to practical problems. 3. Emancipation was the greatest accomplishment of the war 4. Slaves tried to free to the Union Army as refugees. Some of them fought but the Union didn’t know what to do with the others, so the U.S. government was forced to make decisions. a. They had no interest in returning the slaves to their previous owners, but not all slave owners were Confederates. i. Unionists in Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware were loyal to the U.S. government so their property rights had to be respected and most slave owners demanded their slaves back. ii. Other slaves were laborers of the war effort b. The Union army came up with the idea to deprive the Confederate labor source to take away their war effort. 5. African American men fought on both sides during the war 6. Radical Republicans made up a faction of the Republican Party and they pushed for emancipation to be a wartime goal. a. The could deprive Lincoln of representatives and support in Congress b. They could oppose re-election c. They could work against Lincoln’s appointees. 7. Lincoln accepts emancipation because of the Radical Republicans and issues the Emancipation Proclamation on January 1, 1863. a. It freed all slaves in Confederate territory 8. The war ends in 1865 C. What sort of Union will it be? 1. There were lots of view points on what to do. 2. Lincoln said that succession was illegal and the south had never really left so reintegration should happen as quickly as possible. a. He came to support emancipation but he didn’t favor true equality. b. His original plan would have been easier on the south. c. He gets assassinated and never has a chance to implement his plan. 3. Andrew Johnson a. He didn’t have many supporters (form Tennessee)
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b. He was a Unionist slave owner c. His plan was similar to Lincoln’s plan d. He believed in limited powers for the federal government and political and social equality for African Americans e. Disliked the plantation owners in the south (Planter Class/ Slave Power) f. His plan was tougher on the planter class and on the African Americans but he loses support of the Republican Party so he never gets to implement his plan. 4. Radical Republicans: favored a strong national government a. Wanted greater rights for African Americans b. Were devoted to Free Labor Ideology c. Wanted to transform the south in economic terms and make it more like the industrial north. 5.
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American History 2057 notes - American History 2057 I...

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