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Unformatted text preview: Art History 1441 Notes Baroque Rococo 1. Salon de la Guerre (Versailles) Salon de la Princesse (Hôtel de Soubise) 2. Gaulli – Il Gesù Tiepolo – Kaisersaal 3. Rubens Watteau and Boucher 4. Bernini Clodion 5. Vermeer Chardin • Transitional period from old world to new (modern) • 18 th century is know as “Enlightenment” or “Age of Reason” o Atheism and Protestantism o Questioning of Divine Right of Kings o Rational thought and questioning of old beliefs • Industrial Revolution • Political Revolutions: American Revolution (1776) and French Revolution (1789) • Rococo: the word probably derives from the French word “Rocaille”, a type of ornament employing rock, pebbles, and shells in garden decoration o It was a made up word, invented toward the end of the 18 th century. Was meant to sound rather silly, it was originally used as an insulting term for the art of the ancien Règime, the recently overthrown French regime. 1. Salon de la Princesse : Boffrand (architect) • ‘Room of the Princess’ : located in the Hôtel de Soubise in Paris • Is compared to the Baroque Salon de la Guerre (War Room) in Versailles Palace • Mixture of materials and colors and fusion of shapes (oval) are baroque characteristics, but is more playful and is private • All traces of classical architecture are gone; is thin, delicate, flat, playful, and irregular • Colors on ceiling are paler and lighter • Note the unification of painting, sculpture, and architecture; the lay of curves and counter curves; the plaster cupids and the paintings • Dealing with love, a typical Rococo theme 2. Kaisersaal (Imperial Hall) • For the Prince Bishop’s “Residenz” in Würzburg, with frescoes – by Tiepolo • Oval hall that functioned as a dinging hall; colors are very light, lacy, delicate, and curling • Ceiling is done similar to the Salon de la Princesse • Compared to the Baroque Gaulli , the ceiling of Il Gesù 3. A Pilgrimage to Cythera : Watteau 1717 • The first “Fête Galante” (gallant festivity or scene of gallantry); a characteristic type of Rococo painting in which small-scale figures of aristocratic ladies and gentlemen are shown amusing themselves in a garden or parkland setting • Watteau invented Fête Galante: submitted this painting to become a member of the French Royal Academy of Fine Arts • Has a relationship with the Baroque piece Garden of Love by Rubens – the ultimate model for Watteau’s piece • Detail: 3 pairs of lovers – people are making a pilgrimage to the island of love • Detail: the golden bat with cupids fluttering overhead 4. Toilet of Venus : Boucher • Another Rococo painting with erotic content • Painted for Madame de Pompadour, mistress of King Louis XV • Venus is being groomed by Cupid, her son • In Rococo, there’s a blurring of real life and mythology...
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- Spring '08
- French Revolution, Rococo painting, painting style