WHAP Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Sui Dynasty o Yang Jian Duke of Sui Sent military expeditions into China 589 C.E Sui rules all of China strong centralized

WHAP Chapter 14 - Chapter 14 Sui Dynasty o Yang Jian Duke...

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Chapter 14 Sui Dynasty o Yang Jian : Duke of Sui Sent military expeditions into China 589 C.E: Sui rules all of China strong, centralized government high taxes built palaces o Grand Canal : built during Sui reign Facilitated trade between northern and southern China Tang Dynasty : 618-907 C.E o Tang Taizong : 2 nd Tang emperor, rebel leader Made effective & stable government Built capital at Chang’an Caused era of unusual stability and prosperity Low tax on peasants o 3 policies made Tang successful: 1. Well made transportation and communication system 2. Equal-field system Allotted land to people based on fertility and recipients needs Tang’s plan to avoid concentration on land in hands of wealthy 3. Merit based bureaucracy Created by Han Based on civil serve examinations Most office holders were aristocrats o Tang used MILITARY POWER to gain land o Tang decline- the empire became so large that local warlords gained more power Huang Chao revolt Rebellion of An Lushan Chinese political theory : China is the Middle Kingdom- center of civilization, other independent countries (Korea, Vietnam) must acknowledge the supremacy of the Chinese emperor and sent gifts o Kowtow : ritual bowing in which subordinates knelt before the emperor and touched their foreheads to the ground Song Dynasty : 960-976 C.E
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