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exam2_prep - introduced by Socrates Briefly describe the...

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DWC Team C Fall 2007 Preparation for Exam 2, 10/19/07 The exam will involve 20 multiple questions (40%) and one essay (60%). The essay portion will be based on the following study questions. Please note that, on the exam, they may appear in a slightly different form. I suspect that, like last time, you will have a choice of two questions (which means you have to prepare three). We will confirm that soon. Thank you! 1. With the end of the Persian War, the Greeks could claim that justice had been served and the gods had supported the victory of Right (the Greeks) over Might (the Persians). Discuss the conflict of Might vs. Right and the role of the gods in Thucydides’ historical account The Melian Dialogue , Sophocles’ play Antigone , and Plato’s description of Socrates’ trial The Apology . Did the Melians, Antigone and Creon, and Socrates receive justice? 2. We have seen a development of the important Greek notion of arête from the Homeric epics (especially the Odyssey ) through Sophocles' tragedy - and now to the philosophical approach
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Unformatted text preview: introduced by Socrates. Briefly describe the pre-philosophical notions of arête (heroism, courage for self-knowledge, etc.) and discuss the significance of the philosophical "breakthrough." 3. Compare the attitudes of Antigone and Socrates as they face death, in Sophocles’ play and in Plato’s Phaedo , respectively. Focus especially on Antigone’s speeches as she marches towards her tomb (pp.102-107) and on Socrates’ discussion of philosophy as a preparation for dying (pp.112-116). How, for Antigone and Socrates, does the approach of death clarify what they love? What were their priorities before? Have these priorities changed, or been cast in a new light, by the nearness of death? 4. What is metaphysics (for Plato)? Give at least one description or illustration from one of the dialogues we read. How is this way of thinking related to ethics - and politics? Again, refer to at least one relevant discussion/argument from the dialogues....
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