Global Issues - Berlin Wall

Global Issues - Berlin Wall - Chris Brock Global Issues...

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Chris Brock Global Issues February 23, 2003 The Berlin Wall The city of Berlin, Germany was separated for twenty-eight years by the Berlin wall; it not only divided the city but it kept apart family and friends and it fueled the struggle between Democracy and Communism. When Germany was occupied by Allied troops in 1945 after World War 2, the United States, Great Britain, and France controlled the western half of Germany. These three sectors united and formed The Federal Republic of Germany, or West Germany, which was a Democratic nation. The sector controlled by the U.S.S.R. became a Communist country known as The German Democratic Republic, or East Germany. An “Interzonenpass”, or inter-zone passport was required to travel between the sectors. The east and west struggled against one another in an attempt to control the other. An imaginary barrier now split Germany in half. British Prime Minister Winston Churchill named this barrier the “Iron Curtain”. The German capitol city of Berlin was located in the Communist nation of East Germany, however the city itself was split up among the Allied powers not unlike the entire country. The eastern half of Berlin became known as East Berlin and was the capitol city of the Soviet controlled nation. The citizens of East and West Germany almost had no say in the type of government that was installed in the nation, however most of the residents of East Germany did not approve of the Communist regime because very few people were actually Communists. The populace of
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East Germany very soon became angry at the way the government was running the country. East Germany’s economy was in complete ruins and the political policies were heading in the wrong direction. The people basically had no personal rights and everything they did was done to better the state as a whole rather than them as an individual. Many were forced to work on state-run farms, could not even own their own land, and there was often famine. Due to the dissatisfaction with the government, hundreds of thousands of refugees fled from East Berlin into West Berlin prior to 1961. This displeased the Soviet- controlled government and in 1961 the army and police of East Germany closed the border between East and West Berlin. On August 16, 1961, the construction on the Berlin
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course IDST 2205 taught by Professor Carter during the Fall '08 term at GCSU.

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Global Issues - Berlin Wall - Chris Brock Global Issues...

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