jour 201 lecture

jour 201 lecture - history of news in america 16/01/2008...

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Unformatted text preview: history of news in america 16/01/2008 15:10:00 ← Transitions in Colonial Journalism in Colonial America • 1600s colonies are separate with different ways of life and ways of understanding the world • the 13 th colonies want as little to do with one another as possible for much of the 1600s • the whole reason these colonies were founded were to get away from people of England • 13 independent societies with unfriendly views of other colonies • people came to form colonies for 2 reasons o religious with a spirit to reform the church they were apart of to escape religious persecution pointed sense of religious mission o economic money to be made people wanted to get rich commercial interest with little religious interest • religious in northern colonies o northern colonies composed of small family farms that cluster around villages o they do some trading and bartering o more woman • south starts with larger plantation farming which is commercial o trying to figure out the one crop we can grow a lot of and send back overseas to trade and get money in return o these populated with slaves and indentured servants and wage workers o very heavily male • Massachusetts Bay Colony o Puritans 1630 o Grows in to city of Boston and becomes a major hub • Puritans are very religious people • They thought the church of England was all screwed up, corrupt, wealthy people buy their way to heaven, worldly pleasure intermingling in religious life • Puritans wanted to create a City on a Hill o At some point everyone would look to it o It would eventually save the church and mankind o The believed the stakes were that high • Puritans were very plainly dressed, austere people o They were suspicious of emotion and pleasure o They banned games and sports o Suspicious of leisure – people lazying around not working hard o People should always be doing productive work • They believed in predestination o Certain people were “the elect” who would go to heaven o Certain people would not go to heaven when they died o Individuals had no control over if they were elect or not o God had already decided • Salem witchcraft trials of 1692 o Hysteria in town of Salem o 100s of people were put to death via hanging (some were crushed to death with stone • Quakers – one belief if pacifism (a refusal to fight in wars) o A lot of civil wars in England o Many Quakers were going to jail for refusing to fight in these wars • Quakers scoffed at puritans in Massachusetts • They were into spiritualism o The spirit is the “inner light” o Tried to find ways to tap into inner light...
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course JOUR 201 taught by Professor Gutierrez during the Spring '07 term at USC.

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jour 201 lecture - history of news in america 16/01/2008...

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