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WMST 2501 FINAL EXAM REVIEW Community of Practice - Speech situation: social contexts in which speaking takes place -? Provide occasions for the first use of lay but they aren’t entirely linguistic. Ex. Family dinner - Substantial agreement on who belongs o Regular Interaction o (Re)production of membership by style: Body adornment/gesture/walk/language Speech Community - Involves “a community sharing rules for the conduct and interpretation of speech, and rules for the interpretation of at least one linguistic variety. Speech Event - Activities which could NOT occur without the use of language - Ex. ‘gossip session’, a lecture, an argument Speech Activity - The act of speaking - Ex. Gossiping, lecturing, arguing Speech Act - Involves the idea of utterances ‘doing something’ - Per formative utterances (utterances that do something) - Ex. Greeting, apologizing, complimenting, promising, threatening, requesting Understandings of Gender - Stray away from Binary notion of gender (Dominance and Difference as one) o Focused on Gender differences, ‘dominance studies’: expose oppressive offences, ‘Difference studies’: identify positive differences. [Cameron] o Well-inventive, but socially essentialist (anti-feminist) Something is essential , difficult to change - Newer understandings of gender as identity and identity as multiple, fluctuating and continually being constructed o Move away from notion of gender as essential or static o *More about what person is doing, less about social influences o Made difference and dominance appear crude and inadequate o Challenges to notion of identity, focus on performance, shifted field to a more post-structuralist concern. How gender is performed, constructed, enacted and or displayed in spoken/written text
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Important contribution to notion of discourse to L&G → discourse’s ongoing constitutive potential → ‘gender identity more specific then 70/80’s feminists realized. Gender identity more fluid then feminists allowed → now see possibility of shifting identities o Sutherland argues that interpretation is ‘co-constructed’ (Producer and Consumer of Text) thus the ‘effect’ of any given representation (speech, TV, fiction) is always problematic. (Can we always blame representation rather then interpretation?) o Political implication: Language as constructed and performed Emphasis on fluctuating and multiple meanings Abandon concern for disadvantage would invalidate the broader feminist project Un contextualized discussions of identity and performativity can have neg. political implications The ongoing need for judicious use of terms such as ‘gender traditionalism” - Post- Structural o Allow us to interrogate the notion of fixed structures (gender), ‘universal causes’, real/true’ knowledge. o
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course WMST 2410 taught by Professor Blondeau during the Spring '08 term at York University.

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