PSYCH 2120- Midterm 2

PSYCH 2120- Midterm 2 - PSYCH 2120- MIDTERM #2 Chapter 1-...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
PSYCH 2120- MIDTERM #2 Chapter 1- Culture and Language Human Nature and Cultural Diversity - Human similarities and differences → Two perspectives o 1. Evolutionary Perspective: human kinship o 2. Cultural Perspective: human diversity Evolution and Behavior - Universal behaviors that define human nature arise from our biological similarity - Evolutionary Process: Survival of the fittest (Natural selection) - Natural Selection : The evolutionary process by which nature selects traits that best enable organisms to survive and reproduce in particular environmental niches - Evolutionary Psychology: The study of the evolution of behavior using principles of natural selection. o How natural selection predisposes psychological traits and social behaviors (ex. not only polar bear coat, polar bear behavior) o We carry the legacy of our ancestor’s adaptive preferences o Incorporates; environmental influences, social competence, cultural perspective, human adaptability o Universal Characteristics: all humans rank others by authority and status Culture and Behavior - Most important similarity: ability to learn and adapt → human biology enables our cultural diversity - Culture: The enduring behaviors, ideas, attitudes, and traditions shared by a large group of people and transmitted from one generation to the next. - Cultural Diversity→ Much of our behavior is socially programmed (not hardwired) o Migration + refugee evacuation = mixing cultures more than ever o Genuine peace requires respect for both differences/similarities - Norms: Rules for accepted and expected behavior. Norms prescribe ‘proper’ behavior (normal behavior) o Blind force that imprisons people in a blind effort to perpetrate tradition. o Restrain and control us → arbitrary, confining o New surroundings → monitor others’ behavior, adjust ours accordingly o Same norm worldwide taboo against incest Norms that define a friend “ Big 5” Personality Dimensions: cynicism, social complexity, reward for application, spirituality, and fate control Forms of address communicate social distance and status Advances in intamcy are usually suggested by higher-status person Social Roles: - Playing a role often leads people to internalize behavior → acting becomes believing → when feels akward becomes genuine → self-consciousness subsides
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
- Some roles in exist in all culture (doctor) yet vary with culture - It takes a cluster of norms to define a role o Ex. Always arriving late → not a social role (trait), Father → social role Violation of important norms would be noticed and penalized for - Our actions depends on our social situations and dispositions o Social situations may move ‘normal’ people to behave ‘abnormally’ Culture and Social Thinking Self- Construal as Independent or Interdependent: - The indep. Self acknowledges relationships with others, but the interdependent self is more deeply embedded in others. -
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course PSYC 2120 taught by Professor Struthers during the Spring '08 term at York University.

Page1 / 16

PSYCH 2120- Midterm 2 - PSYCH 2120- MIDTERM #2 Chapter 1-...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online