PSYCH 2120- Midterm 1

PSYCH 2120- Midterm 1 - PSYCH 2120 Chapter 1 Social...

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PSYCH 2120 Chapter 1 Social Psychology: The study of how individuals think and feel about, relate to, and influence one another based on the actual, imagined or implied presence of other individuals. - Enviromental science → reveals how social enviorment influences behaviour. - Social behavior varies not just with the objective situation, but how we construe the situation. Ex. Happy couple: Yelling = bad day, Unhappy couple: Yelling= always mad Scientific study of: - 1. Social thinking: How we perceive ourselves and others, What we believe, judgments we make, our attitudes - 2. Social Influence: Culture and biology, pressures to conform, persuasion, groups of people - 3. Social relations: Helping, aggression, attraction and intimacy, prejudice Social Psychologists study… - Attitudes and beliefs - Conformity and independence - Love and hate History - Young science, 1 st social psych exp. 1898 - 1 st textbook- 1924 - 1930- assumed current form Major themes - We construct our social reality o Humans have an urge to explain behavior, to attribute it a cause in order to make it seem: orderly, predictable and controllable o We are intuitive scientists- explain peoples behavior to suit our daily needs - Our social intuitions are often powerful but sometimes perilous o Our intuitions help shape our fears, impressions, and relationships. o Dual processing: thinking, memory and attitudes operate on two levels → 1. Conscious and deliberate 2.Intuitive backstage mind- unconscious and automatic o Perilous because → intuitions often ere (Especially about ourselves. Ex. We intuitively trust our memories more then we should) - Social influences shape our behavior o Humans respond to our immediate contexts, sometimes the power of a social situation leads us to act in ways that departed from our espoused attitudes. Ex. Azi germany → evil situation caused many to become instruments in the holocaust. Ex. Tsuanmi- millions donated for relief o Cultures help define our situations
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- Personal attitudes and dispositions also shape our behaviour o Interal forces also matter → our inner attributes affect our behaviour o Personality dispositions affet behaviour → facing the same situation, different people emay react differently o We are not only the creatures of our social worlds but also our creators - Social behaviour is also biological behaviour o Biology and experience create us together o We must consider both under-the-skin (biological) and between-skin (social) influences - Relating to others is a basic need (that shapes all our social actions) o Relationships = important source of stress and pain aswell as joy and comfort o Feeling left out= effects on personal perception of selves = drops in self esteem (a swell inflicted by acts of aggression and prejudice) Social Psychology and Related disciplines Social Psych and Soc → Both study how people behave in groups - Sociologists study small/large groups - Social psych study average individuals , how social situations affect one person at a time
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PSYCH 2120- Midterm 1 - PSYCH 2120 Chapter 1 Social...

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