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Problem Set #2 - Jessica Abourmad 208508749 Ling 1000...

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Jessica Abourmad 208508749 Ling 1000 Tutorial 15 – TA: Laura Problem Set #2 1. Island Carib b and β are contrasted in near minimal pairs and are therefore allophones of different phonemes. wi bu hill Wad ubi buzzard bi mina banana uβi meat Island Carib β and w are in complimentary distribution based on features that can be predicted on the basis of a phonological alternation. [β] /__ Vowel (front) /w/ [w] /elsewhere 2. Altaic p and p ʰ are contrasted in minimal pairs and are therefore allophones of different phonemes pul fire p ʰ ul grass P and b are complimentary distribution in Altaic and therefore allophones of one phoneme. The relative distribution of each allophone is as follows: [b] __ V /p/ [p] elsewhere The distribution for the non basic allophone [b] is accounted for by the rule that a sound takes on voicing properties of preceding sounds. The final consonant of a word being voiced or not determines the choice of whether the suffix will be voiced or voiceless.
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