ILS 206 -- Immanuel Kant

ILS 206 -- Immanuel Kant - Immanuel Kant 23/03/2008...

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Unformatted text preview: Immanuel Kant 23/03/2008 20:56:00 1. Biography & Background 2. Biographical sketch 3. Kant as political philosopher 4. Kants ethical system Contra utilitarianism Deontology 5.Kants liberalism Reason and autonomy enlightenment the kingdom of ends freedoms dependence on moral autonomy 1. Biography & Background Locke, H, Berkeley formed school of empiricism o Consisted of children of bacon and Hobbes o Belief that our human knowledge comes from senses and experiences (empiricism) Continental rationalism o Relates to episteme how human reason can be source of all knowledge o We start with intuitively basic principles and then derive the rest from there Plato all knowledge is innate, we just have to unforget. o Decartes well known rationalist I think, therefore I am. o Both schools hold reason as the border between human and social affairs, not revelation Throwing off religion enlightment Background o Son of harness maker o Born in Prussia, today is part of Russia o Parents were Variant of Lutheranism, influential to baptism Strict Lutherans. o Uneventful life o Learned natural science o Died at 80 well known o Lived under monarchy o Lived in age of enlightenment but not in an enlightenment age o No detailed system of government like Hobbes 2. Kant as political philosopher Concerned about the rationalization of politics basic care for human freedom and autonomy Wasnt politically influential like locke or smith father of Liberalism for those who wanted to construct liberalism on the basis of utilitarianism Liberalism liberty is primary political value puts individual at the forefront as opposed to collective. Stresses the limits of government, market economy, religious involvement. Modern liberalism: government can intervene to some extent through taxation. 3. Kants ethical system Contra utilitarianism o Consequentialism think of when the act accuses, the result excuses saying as long as action is justified with good reason o Kant has a problem with this Deontology that which is proper; ethical theory of being bound to doing that which is proper ( having a duty to the rights of others) o System of moral oncology that we know intuitively o A posteriori comes after what we known from experience o Deontology consists of a priori knowledge what we know before experience o Based on unset principals to know ones moral obligations to others....
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ILS 206 -- Immanuel Kant - Immanuel Kant 23/03/2008...

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