18 - The Human-Centered View What are the traits that...

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The Human-Centered View What are the traits that supported the success of humankind as it evolved? What are the roles of those traits in modern humankind? Strategies Top Down: derive hypothesis regarding behavior from theory Ex. parental investment theory states women have greater investment and are more choosy Bottom Up: derive hypothesis regarding adaptive function from behavior ONTOGENY Genome: 20 to 25,000 genes What is the level of decisions? Is the genome following theory x (extrinsically motivated, fundamentally lazy) or theory y Genetic Problems Trisomy 21: Down syndrome Sex chromosome related Ex. Turner’s syndrome Specific genes Ex. PKU: phenylketonuria Ex. Tay-sachs Non-Genetic Determinants Where and when you were born Neighborhood of nurture Learning to sense/act Feedback from actions Environmental Baddies Malnutrition Infections Injuries Prenatal, perinatal, postnatal Pre: fetal alcohol syndrome Peri: limited oxygen supply Post: trauma to the head, support system failures
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