ch5 - Ch. 5: Establishment of Intimate Relationships and...

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Ch. 5: Establishment of Intimate Relationships and Their Implications for Future Development 1960: John Bowlby What are emotional attachments? Attachment: a close emotional relationship between two persons, characterized by mutual affection and a desire to maintain proximity. Neonate: a newborn infant from birth to one month Emotional bonding: term used to describe the strong affectional ties that parents may feel toward a neonate; some theorists believe that the strongest bonding occurs shortly after birth, during a sensitive period. People who are securely attached take pleasure in their interactions with others. Parent-child attachments are reciprocal relationships Synchronized routines: generally harmonious interactions between two persons in which participants adjust their behavior in response to the partner’s actions and emotions. Interactional Synchrony and Attachment 1. Routines established by infants and caregivers over beginning months 2. Most likely to develop if caregiver is attentive to baby’s needs How do infants become attached? Growth of primary attachments: a child was judged to be attached if separation from primary caregiver elicited a protest Schaffer and Emerson, 4 phases 1. Asocial Phase (0-6 weeks): approximately in the first six weeks of life in which infants respond in an equally favorable way to interesting social and nonsocial stimuli. Most stimuli do not elicit any kind of protest. 2. The Phase of Indiscriminate Attachments (6 weeks to 6 months): infants prefer social to nonsocial simulation and are likely to protest whenever any adult puts them down or leaves them alone. 3. The Specific Attachment Phase (7-9 months): age where infants are attached to one close companion. (follow mother, etc.) 4. Phase of Multiple Attachments : period when infants are forming attachments to companions other than their primary attachment object. By 18 months, few infants are attached to only one
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course PSYCH 171 taught by Professor Conry-murray during the Spring '08 term at Rochester.

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ch5 - Ch. 5: Establishment of Intimate Relationships and...

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