Chapter 10 1. A goiter can result from: Student Response a. excessive iodine supplementation. b. inadequate iodine in the diet. c. cretinism. d . both A and B. 2. Insufficient intake of iron will FIRST affect the body's ________ levels. Student Response a. hematocrit b. hemoglobin c. ferritin d. transferrin 3. The primary sources of folate in the American diet are: Student Response a. fresh fruits and vegetables. b. milk and dairy products. c. enriched ready-to-eat cereals and bread products. d. meat, fish, and poultry. 4. Which of the following describes the main symptom(s) of beriberi? Student Response a. hemorrhaging b . muscle wasting and nerve damage c. blindness d. dermatitis 5. The MFP factor is:
Student Response a. the increased absorption of dietary folate by the mother during pregnancy. b. the protein carrier needed by the body to absorb dietary manganese, folate, or vitamin B 6 . c. a coenzyme involved in the metabolism of protein and fat. d . a special factor found in meat, fish, and poultry that enhances iron absorption. 6. There are no known side effects associated with consuming large amounts of vitamin K from supplements or food. Student Response False 7. Adequate folate consumption is the most critical during the last trimester of pregnancy. Student Response False 8. Because of a condition known as atrophic gastritis, infants often need to be given periodic injections of B 12 to prevent anemia. Student Response False 9. Heme iron is absorbed better than non-heme iron. Student Response True 10. Research has clearly demonstrated that a deficiency of vitamin K causes osteoporosis. Student Response False 11. High concentrations of homocysteine in the blood are associated with the development of: Student Response a. osteoporosis. b. diabetes. c. neural tube defects. d . heart disease. 12. Which of the following explains why folate is critical to the health of a newly conceived embryo?
Student Response a. Folate is essential for heart function. b. Folate is essential for maintaining proper fluid balance. c. Folate is needed for proper cell division. d. Folate regulates bone formation.
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to
access the rest of the document.