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First Test Outline - LEGL 20 Course Outline Chapter 1...

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* LEGL 20 * Course Outline Chapter 1: Introduction to the Legal System 1. The law consists of enforceable rules governing  relationships among individuals and society. 2. The law serves several purposes.   a. b. c. d. 3. How does the law achieve the aforementioned  purposes? a. b. 4. If any society is to survive, its citizens must be able  to determine ____________________________  1
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__________________ and be able to determine  _______________________________________________ if  they commit wrongful acts. 5. Why should you care about the law? a. The law affects virtually ALL business  transactions and activities, including: i. ii. iii. iv. v. vi. 6. You are the owner of a company called Compudata –  a computer software & systems company.  You  receive an inquiry from BMI, Inc. regarding your  company’s various services.   a. What are some of the legal issues you need to  consider? i. ii. iii. iv. 2
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v. vi. vii. viii. 7. There are several philosophies that have been  developed to explain the origin, justification,  meaning, and essence of the law.   a. This is called “Jurisprudence.” b. There are 5 main schools of jurisprudence. i. ii. iii. 3
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iv. v. c. Keep in mind 2 important points: i. Several of these “belief systems” overlap  and they are not necessarily mutually  exclusive. ii. Jurisprudence is a “philosophy” about the  law – and is not the law itself. 8. The world has 2 major legal systems: a. Common Law:      system employed by: United  States, England, Canada, India, New Zealand,  Jamaica, Nigeria, and a few other countries  colonized by England. i. 4
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b. Civil Law:     9. These 2 major legal systems are further broken down  into areas of law.  These breakdowns include: a. Public v. Private Law i. ii. b. Civil v. Criminal Law i. 5
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ii. c. Substantive v. Procedural Law i. ii. 10. Sources of American Law:  there are 4 primary  sources of domestic law. 6
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i. ii. i. ii. h. Common Law: 7
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11. Hierarchy Among Sources of American Law. a. US Constitution b. Federal Statutes c. State Constitutions d. State Statutes e. Local Ordinances f. Administrative Rules & Regulations g. Common Law 
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