12. Climate Change (Kyoto Protocol)

12. Climate Change (Kyoto Protocol) - Prof. Turner The...

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Prof. Turner The Earth Transformed 10.11.07 I) Climate Change and the Kyoto Protocol (Fossil Fuel Burning) 1) United States vs. The World 2) The Case of Carbon and Global Warming a Greenhouse gases concentration in atmosphere are highest in last 420,000 years b Paleo-record demonstrates strong correlation between average surface temperature of the earth and amount of carbon in the atmosphere c Warming over the last 50 years (66-90% probability) due to increase carbon in the atmosphere 3) Predicting the Future a IPCC [Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change] (i) Concentration of carbon in atmosphere is equal to that not experienced on earth since 40-50 million years ago (ii) Average surface temp of the earth will increase 1.4-5.8°C [2.5-10.4°F] (iii) 90-95% confidence in modeled predictions 4) Consequences a Changes in climates worldwide b Northern latitudes will be much warmer; especially minimal nighttime temperature (i) -/+ for cultivation; - for disease control c Melting edges of polar ice caps and land based glaciers
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12. Climate Change (Kyoto Protocol) - Prof. Turner The...

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