10. Industry - Prof Turner The Earth Transformed 10.2.07 I...

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Prof. Turner The Earth Transformed 10.2.07 I) Industrial Era – Biogeochemical Cycles 1) The Industrial Revolution a Industrial Revolution is a misnomer; really an energy revolution (i) Final 1/3 rd of the 18 th century was water driven (e.g., cotton mills of New England) (ii) Mid-19 th century had the steam engine for small industry (iii) Final 1/3 rd of the 19 th century had coal for iron and steal industry b Coal consumption in United Kingdom 1860 = 139mmt 1900 = 762mmt 1950 = 1,800mmt c Ability to extract, transport, and produce more; thus we can consume more and support larger populations in large conglomerations (cities) 2) The “Second” Global Environmental Change a Biogeochemical cycles (i) Direct change by Burning fossil fuels – C, S, N Producing synthetic fertilizers – N (ii) Qualitative shift to systematic change – flows or movements through earth system b Impacts (i) Local to regional impacts Urban heat and pollution islands (inversion)
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10. Industry - Prof Turner The Earth Transformed 10.2.07 I...

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