cofc history 102 - Test 1 study guide

cofc history 102 - Test 1 study guide - Ancien regime the...

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Ancien regime – the oppressive regime that ruled france before the French revolution Bastille – a royal armory and prison that the Parisian militia stormed to gain arms in order to fight French army (1789) Oath of the Tennis Court – members of the national assembly held a meeting on a tennis court when they were locked out of their usual meeting room, 3 days after their formation. There they made an oath to stay together to draft a constitution (june 1789) Cahiers – Grievances, members of each estate drew up lists of the problems the estate had Legislative assembly – an elected body set forth in the constitution of 1791 to make france a constitutional monarchy. Failed (1791-1792) National assembly – members of the third estate formed it when they were not heard in the estates general Commune of paris – signifies Constitution of 1791 – Established a constitutional monarchy where the king and the legislative assembly share power, but the king still retained his veto power Constiturion of 1793 – Constitution of 1795 – Declaration of the Rights of Man – a document adopted by the national assembly that set forth that all men were equal and provided many rights that were universal to all people (1789) Emigres – people who fled france during the French revolution, mostly aristocrats and clergy Girondin club – Tha moderate club of the revolution who were made up of the middle of the borgiouse. Controlled the ministries before the Jacobins Jacobin club – the most radical element of the French constitution. Replaced the girondins as leaders of the govt. Marseillaise – song that became the rallying cry for the French revolution. Written in 1992 by Claude Joseph Rouget de Lisle Committee of public safety – the 12 man committee set in place by the national convention and responsible for the reign of terror. Led by maximilien robespierre (1793-1795) Reign of Terror – the two year period where many were executed by the committee of pblic safety in an attempt to prevent the nation from collapsing (1793-1794) Bourgioisie – the general population, not noble or clergy. Made up the third estate Mercantilism – The economic concept that a favorable balance of trade is necessary for economic prosperity and a set amount of trade, what one country gained, another lost. Also related the wealth of the nation to the amount of precious metals they acquired
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John Locke – British philosopher that put forth the idea of tabula rasa, “white paper void of all characters” (the mind was blank at birth) also wrote An Essay Concerning Human Understanding strong influence for Jean-Jacques Rousseau(1632-1704) Principia mathematica - Alfred North Whitehead and Bertrand Russell and published in (1910–1913) Nobles of the Robe – Nobles who were noble because of the office held where nobles of the sward are those whose feudal heritage set them out as noble Edmond burke – conservatist who wrote Reflections on the Revolution in France. Brumaire Coup d’Etat – refers to the coup d’etat in which napolean over thtew the directory and became
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cofc history 102 - Test 1 study guide - Ancien regime the...

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