anthro - Chapter 17 4 types of sociopolitical organization...

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Chapter 17 4 types of sociopolitical organization and trends associated with each Bands - Tribes - Chiefdom State – Formal government structure –- Population control (border control), judiciary (laws), ways of enforcing those laws (police/military), fiscal (taxation. . a way to get money from the people to support all of these services.) Socioeconomic Stratification (class system. Hegemony – stratified social order in which subordinates comply with domination by internalizing their ruler’s values and accepting the “naturalness” of domination. (ex: female genital mutilation being ‘okay’ in Sudan, just because it’s normal) Village Head Big Man Chapter 18 Ego – the point of reference for determining kinship. Post-marital residence patterns : Neolocality – moving away from parent’s completely. Matrilocality – husband goes to live with wife’s community. Patrilocality – wife goes to live with husband’s community. Unilineal descent – ascribed status (you’re born into it and there’s nothing you can do about it) Ambilineal descent – achieved status -- you get to choose how
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you trace your descent. (ex: if your mother’s jewish and your father is catholic, you can deny jewish lineage and choose to be catholic.) Bilateral Kinship – trace lineage on both sides of the family. (your
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course ANTH 103 taught by Professor Brooks during the Fall '08 term at VCU.

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anthro - Chapter 17 4 types of sociopolitical organization...

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