Ex1ReviewXChap01-06Fall 07

Ex1ReviewXChap01-06Fall 07 - Don’t memorize strikeouts...

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Unformatted text preview: Don’t memorize strikeouts Exam 1 Review Fall 07 Chap 01-06 (less chap 05) CHAP 01 Fall 07 INTRODUCTION Hominids Humans - “ hominids” Taxonomic family Hominidae. (Bipedalism - critical feature) Humans members of order “ Primates” Human Adaptation How did humans dominate the planet? Answer lies in understanding: 1) human biology – in an evolutionary perspective 2) role of culture Culture “Strategy” - humans adapt to natural environment. Includes technologies, subsistence patterns, religion, marriage and family. Culture is learned (not biologically determined) Evolution Change in genetic makeup Studied on two levels – Microevolution Genetic alterations within population – Macroevolution Genetic change resulting in new species Culture and Evolution Humans are result of “biocultural evolution” Culture and biology interacted over time Anthropology studies: 1) biological aspects of humans 2) the role of cultural factors. What is Anthropology Anthropology - study of humankind (Greek “anthropos” for “humans”) There are several subfields of Anthropology 1 Cultural Anthropology Or “social anthropology” Studies all aspects of human behavior Ethnographers describes one particular group “Ethnology” - compares numerous cultures Subfields of cultural anthropology include: Urban anthropology Medical anthropology Economic anthropology Other specialties Applied Anthropology Many subfields have practical applications Most work outside of university Includes Cultural, Archaeology, Physical Archaeology Studies and interprets material remains Information from artifacts and material culture Linguistic Anthropology This field studies the origin of language and human speech. Includes 1. Historical aspects 2.Relationship between culture and language: Physical Anthropology The study of “human biology” within the framework of evolution. And the interaction between biology and culture Several subfields in Physical Anthropology Paleoanthropology the study of human evolution early hominids. Primatology: Study of nonhuman primates Behavior studies help identify factors related to social behavior Primate paleontology studies fossil record Osteology: Studies skeletons 2 Often focuses on past groups. Paleopathology Subdivision of osteology Study of disease and injury of human skeletal remains Forensic anthropology Applying anthropology to legal matters Often identify skeletal remains Archaeological and osteological techniques Physical Anthropology and the Scientific Method Science – process of explaining and understanding phenomena through observations and experimentation....
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Ex1ReviewXChap01-06Fall 07 - Don’t memorize strikeouts...

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