catherine history study guide - Salutary Neglect British...

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Salutary Neglect British government was never able to control the colonies. This is seen in the irregular shapes, sizes. There was also no coordination in the founding of the colonies, and their was no central authority to control them. Very few British officials tried to enforce their laws on the colonies bringing about thus, Salutary Neglect their empire existed on paper but not in reality. This allowed the colonies to ignore the Navigation acts, etc. It lead to the colonies Conservative Revolution and their forming of the Articles of Confederation they wanted to return to their period of Salutary Neglect. Basically its ruling the colony without actually ruling. They allowed the colonies to ignore their laws, and develop their own governments and authority within the colonies themselves, so in a sense the British fostered their independence in giving them a taste of what it was to be independent, unlike the way in which the Spanish ruled their colonies. Navigation Acts a series of acts designed to control the economy and trade of the colonies. These acts were meant to enrich the mother country, and they encouraged Triangular trade. These acts were passed between 1651 and 1673 establishing three main principles. 1. only English or colonial merchants and ships could engage in trade in the colonies 2. Certain valuable American products could be sold only in the mother country or in other English colonies. 3. These enumerated goods included wool, sugar, tobacco, indigo, ginger and dyes, later adding rice, naval stores, copper, and furs to the list. 4. All foreign goods destined for sale in the colonies had to be shipped by way of England, paying English import duties. 5. colonies could not export items that competed with English products. The navigation acts aimed at forcing American trade to center on England. The mother country would benefit from colonial imports and exports both. England had first claim on the most valuable colonial exports, and all foreign imports into colonies had to pass through England first enriching its customs revenues in the process. These laws adversely affected some colonies like those in the Chesapeake because planters there could not seek new markets for their staple crops. In others the impact was minimal or even positive. Builders and owners of ships benefited from the monopoly on American trade given to English and colonial merchants. The laws stimulated the creation of a lucrative colonial ship building industry, especially in New England. And the northern and middle colonies produced many unenumerated goods for example fish, flour, meat and livestock. Such products could be traded directly to the French and Dutch Caribbean islands as long as they were carried in English or American ships. The English authorities soon learned that writing this legislation was easier than enforcing it. The many harbors of the American coast provided ready havens for smugglers, and colonial officials often looked the other way when illegally imported goods were offered for sale
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course US HISTORY to 1877 taught by Professor Dr.cook during the Fall '07 term at University of Houston.

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catherine history study guide - Salutary Neglect British...

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