study guide for history test 2

study guide for history test 2 - Federalists Built on the...

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Federalists Built on the notions of classical republicanism; claimed the nation did not need to fear centralized authority when good men drawn from the elite were in charge, they argued that the carefully structured government preclude the possibility of tyranny. The government could be large if the governments design prevented any one group from controlling it. The separation of powers among the legislative, executive, and judicial branch would accomplish this. Alexander Hamilton best exemplifies the federalists. Federalists supported the Bank of the United states. They were loose constructionists of the constitution. Federalists controlled the first the congresses though the spring of 1795. Eventually the Jeffersonian Republicans took over the congress and the presidency. Federalists concentrated themselves among the commercial interests of New England, coming mostly from English stock. Had no grass roots political organization and put little emphasis on involving ordinary people in government. They were insecure and uncertain about the future and they stressed the need for order, authority, and regularity in the political world. Wealthy New England merchants aligned themselves with the federalists but so did the regions farmers who prevented from expanding agricultural production because of New England’s land they gravitated more toward the conservative federalists. In the federalists eyes, potential enemies both internal and external perpetually threatened the nation which required continuing alliance with Great Britain for its own protection. Their vision of international affairs may have been more accurate then that of the Democratic republicans given the warfare in Europe, but it was also narrow and unattractive. Since the federalists view held out little hope for a better future to the voters of any region it is not surprising that the Democratic Republicans prevailed in the end. ***Nuberg Conspiracy (1783) dealt with the continental army and their lack of payment. Hamilton secretly encouraged the soldiers unrest. He encouraged the army to seize the government as a way to get rid of the Articles of Confederation, Washington’s presence stopped the uprising Implied powers powers that were only implied and used to greatly expand the powers of congress, created by loose constructionists Ex : bank of the United states Resultant powers powers tending to result from stated powers, - power to build a battleship if you can maintain an army - essentially the same as implied powers just different names. Hamilton born in the British West Indies in 1757. His early years were spent in poverty; after his mothers death when he was 11 he worked as a clerk for a mercantile firm. In 1773 he enrolled at Kings college (later Colombia University) in New York City. In late 1774 he contributed a pamphlet to the pre-revolutionary publication wars. He was devoted to the patriotic cause, he volunteered for service in the American army, where he came to Washington’s attention. In 1777 Washington appointed him as
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This note was uploaded on 04/25/2008 for the course US HISTORY to 1877 taught by Professor Dr.cook during the Fall '07 term at University of Houston.

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study guide for history test 2 - Federalists Built on the...

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