Psych-100 textbook outline

Psych-100 textbook outline - Andrea Chin's Psych-100...

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Andrea Chin’s Psych-100 Textbook Outline: Unit 1: Chapter 1: Introduction to Psychology ( 8/22/06) - psychology : science of behavior and the mind - behavior : the observable actions of an individual - mind : individual’s sensations, perceptions, memories, thoughts, dreams, motives, emotions and other subjective experiences -all the unconscious knowledge and rules of operation stored in the brain and that are the foundation for organizing behavior and conscious experience -“father” of modern psychology: Wilhelm Wundt Three Psychology Fundamental Ideas: 1. Behavior and mental experiences have physical causes, so they are amenable to scientific analysis. 2. The way a person behaves, thinks and feels is modified, over time, by the person’s experiences in his or her environment. 3. The body’s machinery, which produces behavior and mental experiences, is a product of evolutionary natural selection. - dualism : each person has a material body and an immaterial soul, both of which are closely intertwined (wide religious-sponsored view) - Cartesian dualism : WRONG, soul receives sensory input from the body, the nerves then transport the info, soul thinks and then wills movement by triggering nerves which act on muscles - thought : (Descartes) limited to humans; conscious deliberation and judgment - objections to Cartesian dualism : 1. How can a non-material entity have a material effect? 2. There are strict limits on what can and can’t be scientifically understood; can’t study thought and the consequential behaviors if they’re produced by an immaterial soul - Hobbesian materialism : there’s no soul; only matter and energy exist; all behavior is understood in the body’s physical processes; conscious thought can be scientifically understood - reflexology : WRONG, all behaviors derive from reflexes; all actions are initiated by environmental stimuli - localization of function : specific areas in the brain serve specific functions in the production of mental behavior and experience; confirms material basis for mental processes - empiricism : (Locke, John Stuart Mill and other English empiricist liberals) WRONG (doesn’t acknowledge genetic/evolutionary inheritance); knowledge and thought and thought derive from sensory experiences -sensory input knowledge adaptive behavior -thoughts: reflections of one’s experiences in the environment - contiguity : closeness in space - law of association by contiguity : proposed by Aristotle; 2 environmental events experienced concurrently or contiguously will become associated with each other - mental chemistry : (John Stuart Mill) complex ideas/thoughts are formed by combinations of elementary ideas
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- nativism : (Kant and Leibniz) some knowledge is inborn; initial mental machinery must include: sensory abilities, interpretation of recording of sensory input, storing and combining sensory records, ability to recall/remember said records - priori : inborn knowledge - posteriori : knowledge gained by experienced, i.e. learned
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This note was uploaded on 02/27/2008 for the course PSYC 100 taught by Professor Madigan during the Fall '07 term at USC.

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Psych-100 textbook outline - Andrea Chin's Psych-100...

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