comp notes on language

comp notes on language - NOTES ON LANGUAGE THE EIGHT PARTS...

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NOTES ON LANGUAGE THE EIGHT PARTS OF SPEECH (1) NOUNS * Proper ("California") or common ("dog") * Count ("book"), which take articles and can be either singular or plural, or noncount ("dirt"), which do not take indefinite articles and are usually singular * Note commonly confused singular/plural usages ("media" versus "medium": "The media are outside") * Note that collective nouns take singular possessive pronouns ("The court justified its opinion") (2) VERBS * Transitive : demands a direct object * Intransitive : does not demand a direct object * Linking : demands a complement. State- of-being verbs include appear , to be , become , grow , feel , look , sound , smell , seem , stay , and taste . * Weak : to be , to have , to do , to make , to seem , to cause , et al. * Tense : shows time, conjugated by present , past , and participial forms . More accurately, the participial form is not a tense at all; rather, it is an aspec t because it conveys the perspective of speaker to event. Examples include the present perfect aspect ("I have gone") and past perfect aspect ("I had gone"). Verbs that add -ed to form the latter two tenses are regular ("walk"); verbs that involve other constructions are irregular (conjugation of transitive verb: "I lay, yesterday I laid, many times I had laid"; conjugation of intransitive verb: "I lie, yesterday I lay, many times I had lain"). Also note the progressive tense, which
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course WRTG 3040 taught by Professor Macarthur during the Spring '07 term at Colorado.

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