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EDHD 320 second exam study guide

EDHD 320 second exam study guide - EDHD 320 second exam...

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EDHD 320 second exam study guide Motor development - Progression of drawing skills -scribbles during second year - first representational forms - label already made drawings (age 3) - draw boundaries and people (3-4) - more realistic drawings- preschool age - early printing – ages 3-5 -Gross motor skills improvements: -flexibility - balance - agility - force - fine motor skill gains: - writing - drawing Piaget’s preoperational stages - gains in mental representation - make believe play - piaget thought pretend play was important because - build representation of schemes - Play reflects and contributes to children’s cognitive and social skills - limitations in thought- cannot perform mental operations - egocentrism - conservation - hierarchical classification- organization of objects into classes and subclasses on a basis of similarities and differences - animistic thinking Vygotsky’s sociocultural theory - Private speech - self directed speech - zone of proximal development - the range of tasks too difficult to do alone, but can be done with help of an experienced other - scaffolding- adjusting the support offered during a teaching session to fit the child’s current level of performance Language Development in early childhood - Vocabulary - fast mapping- kids can connect a new word with an underlying concept after only a brief encounter
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- grammar - overregulization- kids overextend words (go made into goed) - conversation - pragmatics- practical, social side of language- effective and appropriate communication - supporting language development - expansions and recasts - expansions- elaborating on children’s speech - recasts- restructuring inaccurate speech into the correct form Initiative vs. Guilt (Erikson’s theory) - initiative - eagerness to try new tasks; join activities with peer - play permits trying out new skills - act out highly visible occupations - Guilt - overly strict superego, or conscience, causing too much guilt - related to excessive threats, criticism, punishment from adults Self Understanding - Self concept- the set of attributes, abilities, attitudes, and values that an individual believes defines who he or she is - “I have a green toy truck, I’m happy when I play with my friends” - Self esteem- the judgments we make about our own worth and the feelings associated
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EDHD 320 second exam study guide - EDHD 320 second exam...

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