EDHD concept map 2

EDHD concept map 2 - Early Childhood Physical and Cognitive...

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Early Childhood Physical and Cognitive Development - Piaget’s preoperational stages - start scribbling at eh age of two, begin to label already made drawings at age of three, draw boundaries and people at the age of four, and begin to print between the ages of three to five. - Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory - Having another help a child with tasks too difficult to do by themselves. This includes the term scaffolding which adjusts the level of support offered during a teaching session to fit the child’s current level of learning or performance. - Vocabulary - begin to develop vocabulary. Use fast mapping which connects a new word with an underlying concept after only a brief encounter. - Grammar - Kids tend to over extend their grammar by extending words like was to wased. - Factors for Individual Development- factors like the child’s home environment along with the quality of their childcare directly affect their mental development. Emotional and Social Development - Erikson’s Theory- Initiative vs. guilt. Initiative involves eagerness to do new tasks or try new activities. This then leads to trying out new skills. Guilt involves an overly strict superego or conscience which prohibits children from trying new things. Usually stems from punishments from adults. - Social Play - solitary play involves paying alone usually more than three feet away from other children. Parallel play involves engaging in activity with other children within a distance of three feet or less. Lastly, group play is engaging in activity with one or more children in which they share a common goal. - Cognitive Play - First in this category is occupied play where child is engaged in a type of behavior but due to an obstructed view, it is not clear what type of behavior they are exactly exhibiting. Constructive play is when the kids begin to engage in activities such as putting things away or reading. Exploratory play is when a child observes an object in order to gain visual or auditory information. Next comes functional play where children experience sensory stimulation
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EDHD concept map 2 - Early Childhood Physical and Cognitive...

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