Chapter 4-1

Chapter 4-1 - The Global Culture 1 Common patterns a Cultural patterns are displayed globally b More connected societies c Diffusion 2 How are

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The Global Culture 1. Common patterns a. Cultural patterns are displayed globally b. More connected societies c. Diffusion 2. How are societies connected? Technology a. Economics b. Communication – internet, phones c. Migration – more efficient with technology and economically feasible 3. What has the effect been? a. Society more alike at superficial level b. Homogeneous culture CHAPTER 4 Socialization plays a key role in who people are (influenced by family, friends, teachers) - process of conforming to values Nature – genetic and biology background (Freud) - instincts are biologically developed Nurture – environmental factors (Mead, Cooley) - social definitions Socialization – how culture is given to us - lifelong social process - bulk in early childhood - learn to act and interact with others - how culture is transferred from generation to generation Humans need social interaction to survive - can’t survive by instinct alone - behavior – socially driven by process of socialization Personality – individual behavior based on how one is socialized - feel, act, think, etc. - direct result of social surroundings - individual component (unique) - participate in culture but maintain personality - personal take on society Nature vs. Nurture Debate – Is individual personality biologically or socially driven? 1. Dawin and Role of Nature a. Individual genetic/hormonal makeup b. Biology more important that social surroundings c. Differences in individuals are biological in nature, not cultural. d. Some people are biologically inferior 2. Social sciences and the Role of Nurture a. Nurture is more important than nature but also take biology into account b. Watson – behaviorism (behavior learned, not instinctual) c. Mead – differences due to cultural conditioning 3. Social Isolation a. Studies are antidotal – cases of child abuse, etc b. Studies on monkeys i. Long period of social isolation do have an affect ii. Normal behavior is dependent on social interaction iii. Any interaction is better than none. iv. Short term isolation is easier to overcome than long term isolation 4. Social Isolation in Humans (3 cases)
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a. Anna (late 1930’s) i. Mother mentally incompetent ii. 5 years isolation iii. Undernourished iv. 1 year old level socially v. No major improvement after removal from isolation
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This note was uploaded on 04/24/2008 for the course SOCL 2001 taught by Professor Mecom during the Spring '07 term at LSU.

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Chapter 4-1 - The Global Culture 1 Common patterns a Cultural patterns are displayed globally b More connected societies c Diffusion 2 How are

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